How To Keep A Rabbit Cage From Smelling – Simple Tips

How To Keep A Rabbit Cage From Smelling

Rabbits kept in cages will sooner or later start causing it to smell. The odor is from their droppings, urine, and water they may have spilled. All of this will get onto their beddings and bacteria will start to inhibit, which gives off that awful odor.

Fortunately, it’s easy to prevent the rabbit cage from smelling. There are a couple of things you can do and it doesn’t require a lot of time.

Guinea Pig Eating

If you want to learn more about how to keep a rabbit cage from smelling and what you can do about it, keep reading.

Using The Right Bedding Material

When it comes to bedding material, the right one will help eliminate odor or prevent it from happening in the first place. The right bedding should absorb liquid and odor while giving your pet rabbit a comfortable place to rest.

Improper bedding will not do any of the above and could make matters worse. Instead of absorbing liquids such as urine, it will let it sit there which will eventually cause bacteria to start developing.

There are a lot of bedding materials you can choose from. However, there are only a few of them that are popular to use. Below are some materials that are popular to use for rabbit’s bedding:

Aspen Wood Shavings

For rabbits, these materials are the best bedding material to use. Aspen wood shaving is soft and sliver-free, which makes them comfortable for your pet rabbit to sleep on.

Aspen shavings will not have any odor of its own. This makes them great for rabbits and prevents their cage from having a wood smell.

The other great thing about aspen shavings is their absorbent properties. It will absorb both liquid and smell very well. This will keep their bedding dry and prevent any smell.

With aspen shaving, you don’t need to look all over the place. These bedding materials can be found at any local pet store or online.

If you’re trying to save money with aspen wood shavings, it’s not recommended to buy them from a lumberyard. The wood shavings have not been sanitized yet and could potentially have mites in them.


Plain paper can be used as bedding for rabbits. However, you’ll want to use those that are ink-free. Ink is toxic to rabbits and if they ingest some, it could be deadly. Also, the ink will get on the rabbit’s fur when it’s the paper gets wet.

For the bedding, you can use white computer paper or brown paper bag. Alternatively, the cardboard will work great as bedding for rabbits too.

Before you can turn them into useful bedding, you’ll need to shred or tear them up first. Tear them into small pieces of long strands so it’ll provide comfort for your rabbit when they are resting. Also, long pieces will help absorb liquids better and it’ll make cleaning easier too.

Hay And Straw

These two materials are suitable for use as bedding for rabbits. However, hay should be used as food for them rather than bedding. Also, hay isn’t really good material for bedding since it not very absorbent. The texture of hays which is hard will make it difficult for the rabbit to sleep on.

Therefore, you should only use straws for bedding which will make it easier for them to sleep on.

It’s not a good idea to mix hay and straw together to make the bedding. This will confuse the rabbits and could make them end up eating their bedding.

4 Ways To Keep The Rabbit Cage From Smelling

Frequent Bedding Change

If there are odors in the rabbit’s cage, more than likely it’s due to soiled bedding. Rabbits will sometimes urinate on their bedding or near it. They may also cause their water bowl to spill. All of this will cause the bedding to become wet.

Over time, the bedding will not be able to absorb the liquid anymore. This will cause the entire cage to start smelling.

To help keep the rabbit cage clean, smelling fresh, it’s best to change the bedding at least twice a week.

Deep Cleaning The Rabbit Cage

By simply just tossing out their bedding, some of the bacteria and germs will still be intact. These bacteria will not only cause a bad odor, but it could potentially cause the rabbit to get sick.

Therefore, deep cleaning the cage should be done once a week. This means removing everything out of the cage that includes their bedding, water bowl, toys, and other decorations you have in there.

Go through each item and give them a good cleaning. Use a gentle antibacterial cleanser so it will leave a fresh smell and not be toxic to your rabbit.

In the cage, with a sponge, scrub the entire cage from top to bottom until it’s cleaned. Make sure the small cracks at the edge are well cleaned too.

Once you’ve got everything cleaned, spray a disinfectant solution to kill any bacteria and germs that may still be in the cage.

Cage Have Proper Airflow

To keep the cage from smelling, it’s important that the cage is well ventilated. There should be no obstruction at all four sides of the cage. If there are, fresh air won’t be able to flow in and the smell inside the cage won’t be able to escape.

There should be at least 2 feet of space between the cage and the furniture in the house. This is an adequate amount of space for air to flow freely in and out of the cage.

Make sure on the cage, the bars are clean and free of debris. Over time, the space bars will accumulate dirt and debris. If not cleaned, it will start to buildup and could restrict airflow.

Proper airflow is very important to the health of your pet rabbit as well. If the odors just linger in the cage, they could get sick from.

Train Your Rabbit To Use The Litter Box

Cats aren’t the only pet you can train to use the litter box. Rabbits can be trained as well, but it’s not that simple. It will require patience and a bit of time.

Training rabbits to use the litter box will be easier when they are young. At a young age, they tend to listen more than when they are an adult. However, adult rabbits can be trained too, but it will take some time.

Here are some tips to get your pet rabbit to start using the litter box.

  • May sure the rabbit is spayed or neutered first. If not, instinct will tell them to mark their territory.
  • Keep Them In One Room. During litter training, keep the rabbit in one room with a litter box. If you have more than one rabbit, keep them separated in their own room.
  • Set up the litter box. The litter box should be filled with hay or plain white paper. It’s not recommended to use newspapers or cat litter. Newspapers have ink on them and it may stain your rabbit when it gets wet. As for cat litter, some rabbits like the smell of it and may ingest some. If they ingest some, it could make them very sick.
  • Put some droppings in the litter box. Once the rabbits leave some dropping in the room, take them and place them into the litter box. You may need to do this a couple of times for them to get used to it. After a while, they will know when they need to poop, they will leave their droppings in the litter box.
  • Be patience. Rabbits are not used to the litter boxes. By nature, they will poop anywhere that they feel safe. It may take a couple of days or even a month for them to get used to using the litter box. When they do, you won’t have to worry about cleaning up their poop anymore and their cage will require less cleaning.

This Small Animal Potty Training Litter is what we recommend. It’s highly absorbent and designed for rabbits and other small animals.

Cleaning Products For Rabbit Cage

Kaytee Clean & Cozy Extreme Odor Control

This cleaning product is perfect for rabbit cages. It will not only clean the cage but will deodorize it as well.


  • Safe to be used daily
  • Fresh smelling formula
  • Non-toxic cage cleaner

This product by Kaytee is the perfect cleaning product for your pet rabbit cage. All the ingredients used only contains a unique combination of environmentally safe cleaning agents.

Not only does it do a good job of cleaning everything in the cage, but it will deodorize it and keep it smelling fresh for a long time.

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